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湖南省“四化”同步协调发展测度及其影响因素研究——基于农业现代化视角

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成果类型:
期刊论文
论文标题(英文):
Research in Synchronization and Development of "Four- Modernizations" of Hunan Province and Its Influential Factors --Based on Perspective of Agricultural Modernization
作者:
曾福生;刘俊辉
作者机构:
湖南农业大学经济学院
语种:
中文
关键词:
“四化”同步;新型工业化;信息化;城镇化;农业现代化;协调发展
关键词(英文):
"four- modernizations" synchronization;new industrialization;informatization;urbanization;agricultural modernization;coordinated development
期刊:
农业经济与管理
期刊(英文):
Agricultural Economics and Management
ISSN:
1674-9189
年:
2018
期:
01
页码:
58-66
基金类别:
湖南省社会科学成果重点课题(XSP2016040521).
机构署名:
本校为第一机构
院系归属:
经济学院
摘要:
基于国内外学者“四化”研究成果,利用湖南省1998~2015年相关数据,构建新型工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化指标体系,运用因子分析法、几何平均法及HR评价模型法测算湖南“四化”同步协调发展值。结果表明,考查期内湖南“四化”发展水平指数快速提升,但农业现代化发展水平指数滞后;2015年湖南“四化”同步发展处于优质协调阶段。影响“四化”同步协调发展因素中,以农业现代化视角为切入点,构建Tobit模型。研究发现,农业现代化因素中农业资本劳动比、财政支农、农业技术人员数量、有效灌溉率对“四化”同步协调发展具有促进作用,而自然灾害制约“四化”同步协调发展。鉴于此,坚持农业优先发展地位,夯实农业生产基础,完善农村人才梯队,发挥科技对农业支撑作用是提升农业现代化水平政策取向。
摘要(英文):
Based on the study of "four-modernizations" of scholars at home and abroad, this paper constructed a new indicator system of industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization based on the data from 1998-2015 in Hunan Province. Through the methods of factor analysis, geometric mean, harmonious degree evaluation model and other methods to calculate Hunan "four- modernizations" coordinated development value. The results showed that during the period of investigation, the index of development level of Hunan's "four- modernizations" increased rapidly, but the index of the level of agricultural modernization lagged behind that of the other three. In 2015, the simultaneous development of Hunan's "four-modernizations" was at the stage of high-quality coordination. Among the factors that influenced the simultaneous and coordinated development of the "four- modernizations", taking the perspective of agricultural modernization as the starting point, the Tobit model was constracted and it could be found that among the factors of agricultural modernization, like the ratio of agricultural capital to labor, the ratio of financial support to agriculture, the number of agricultural technicians, and the effective irrigation rate that those "four-modernizations" had a positive role in promoting simultaneous and coordinated development. Natural disasters restricted the simultaneous and coordinated development of the "four-modernizations". In view of this, agricultural modernization level could be increased by these measures that agricultural needed insisting on the priority of development, and the foundation of agricultural production capacity should be consolidated, and the rural talent echelon required to be perfected, and agriculture needed the supporting of science and technology.

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