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A conceptual model to minimise operational cost for free shuttle buses: A case study in Macau

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成果类型:
期刊论文
作者:
Qiao, Sen;Tao, Xiangnan*;Ma, Rufei;Xu, Xin-long;Chen, Hsing Hung
通讯作者:
Tao, Xiangnan
作者机构:
[Ma, Rufei; Chen, Hsing Hung; Qiao, Sen] Macau Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Business, Macau 999078, Peoples R China.
[Tao, Xiangnan] Nanjing Univ, Sch Business, Nanjing 210000, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
[Xu, Xin-long] Hunan Agr Univ, Coll Business, Changsha 410128, Hunan, Peoples R China.
通讯机构:
[Tao, Xiangnan] Nanjing Univ, Sch Business, Nanjing 210000, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
语种:
英文
关键词:
cost reduction;bus scheduling;optimisation;free shuttle buses;FSB numbers;conceptual modelling;operational costs;a case study;Macau;transit time;passenger numbers;integer programming;driver numbers.
期刊:
International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems
ISSN:
1744-232X
年:
2016
卷:
23
期:
1
页码:
40-59
基金类别:
Science and Technology Development Fund of Macau [069/2011/A]
机构署名:
本校为其他机构
院系归属:
商学院
摘要:
To facilitate more convenient travel as the economy of Macau expands, the government of Macau has allowed casinos to add free shuttle buses (FSB) and drivers. In this paper, we optimise the operation cost of FSB based on the number of FSB and FSB's driver population in Macau. Firstly, we investigate the operational conditions of the FSB in each depot, including the transit time of FSB and the number of passengers. Then, we propose a series of integer programming models to optimise the population of FSB and FSB drivers. Finally, through a practical demonstration using Excel to solve the linear programming (LP) model, this paper concludes that the numbers of FSB and drivers have a reduction of 43.68% and 33.6%, respectively. It implies that the operation cost of FSB could be reduced by 270,900,000 HKD in purchasing of FSB and 38,678,400 HKD/year in employing drivers of FSB.

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