Ticks and tick-borne diseases are major global health threats. During blood feeding, ticks insert their hypostomes into hosts and inject an array of anticoagulant molecules to maintain fluidity of the blood-meal. These anticoagulant molecules may provide insights into understanding the feeding biology of ticks and to develop vaccines against infestations. In Haemaphysalis flava, the heat shock cognate 70 (HSC70), a member of the heat shock protein (HSP) family, is differentially expressed in salivary glands at different levels of engorgement during blood feeding. However, its function in ticks is largely not known. The present study was designed to explore the possible effects of HSC70 on the plasma. The open reading frame (ORF) of HSC70 was expressed in a prokaryotic system, and recombinant HSC70 (rHSC70) was purified and characterized. The anticoagulation activity of rHSC70 was estimated by measuring prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT) and fibrinogen (FIB) with/without its inhibitor, VER155008. The results demonstrated that rHSC70 from H. flava extended TT (P < 0.001) and FIB clotting times (>300 s), but showed little effect on PT and APTT. Adding an inhibitor reversed anticlotting effects of rHSC70 on TT and FIB. These data indicate that rHSC70 is an anticoagulant agent, and the anticlotting activity likely attributes to the inhibition of thrombin and the transformation of fibrinogen into fibrin.