Hunan is a major agricultural province in China. This paper analyses the international competitiveness of Hunan agriculture from three levels. Firstly, we evaluate its competitiveness in achievement by using indexes of MS, RCA and TC, and find Hunan agriculture has certain advantage, but it shows a downward tendency. Next, Hunan agricultural competitiveness in strength is analyzed from price and quality, and the conclusion is the price superiority decline and the quality does not have a substantial increase. Further, we discuss its competitiveness in potential based on the diamond model of Michael Porter, and find its competitive potential is not durative. Its existing competitiveness in achievement and strength only originate from the natural resources. Global financial turmoil brings negative influence on Hunan agricultural product export, and also takes an opportunity for the agricultural industry's upgrade. At last, this paper supplies some crucial methods to enhance and preserve the competitiveness of Hunan agriculture.
International competitiveness;agricultural products;Hunan
Hunan is a major agricultural province in China. This paper focuses on the international competitiveness of Hunan agricultural products. Firstly, we evaluate its competitiveness in achievement by using three indexes (MS, TC and RCA), and find that the main agricultural products of Hunan had comparatively strong international competitiveness. Then, its competitiveness in strength is analyzed from two aspects (price and quality), and the conclusion is that the competitiveness mainly come from the low price. Further, we discuss its competitiveness in potential based on the diamond model of Michael Porter, and think that the main agricultural products of Hunan do not have advanced and durative competitive potential, and its existing competitiveness in achievement and strength only originate from the labor resources advantage, not technological, marketable or political advantage. At last, this paper points out that strengthening government support, pulling technological innovation, extending industrial chain and optimize exporting structure are crucial measures to improve and preserve the competitiveness of Hunan agricultural products.
This article select 30 listed companies in machine, equipment and instrument manufacturing as study object. AHP is used to created a hierarchical network model about company flexible, Catastrophe progression method and regression analysis prediction method is uesed to analysis the degree that how flexibility infuence business performance. The conclusion of this article tell us that: The ordering of flexiblity is research and development flexiblity, marketing flexiblity, resource flexiblity, operations flexiblity and capital flexiblity.