[Yuan, Chien-Chung] Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei, 24205 Taiwan;[Zhou, Wei] College of Public Administration and Law, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China;[Chang, Keng-Wei] Department of Business Administration, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan;[Wu, Ming-Fu; Chang, Ke-Chiun; Hao, Juan] School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
This study applies two variables in the measurement of company patent deployment strategies: patent family depth and earn plan ratio. Patent family depth represents the degree to which certain fields and markets are valued by the patent owner. Earn plan ratio defined as the ratio of the number of patent forward citations to patent family size. Earn plan ratio indicates the degree to which a patent family could be cited by later innovators and competitors. This study applies a logistic regression model in the analysis LED industry data. The results demonstrate that patent value has a positive relationship with the patent family depth, and earn plan ratio.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY,2018年64(4):317-325 ISSN：0020-7640
[Li, Wanlian] Hunan Agr Univ, Coll Publ Adm & Law, Sch Social Work, Changsha, Hunan, Peoples R China.;[Anderson, Steven] Univ Illinois, Sch Social Work, Champaign, IL USA.;[Sun, Fei] Michigan State Univ, Sch Social Work, 655 Auditorium Rd, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA.
[Sun, F] Michigan State Univ, Sch Social Work, 655 Auditorium Rd, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA.
Purpose: This study aimed to examine differences in depressive symptoms between urban and rural workers in mainland China and to identify community factors that could contribute to such residential differences. Methods: This study used nationally representative data from the 2014 China's Labor Force Dynamic Survey. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews on a sample of 22,073 participants from 29 provinces of China, including 15,098 rural workers (Mage=44.92, standard deviation (SD)=14.85) and 6,975 urban workers (Mage=43.28, SD=13.62). Mediators included community cohesion, foreseeable community threat, supportive network size and medical benefit coverage. Mediation analyses were conducted using Hayes' SPSS Macro Process for multiple mediators. Results: Urban participants reported fewer depressive symptoms than their rural counterparts. Lower levels of community cohesion, higher community foreseeable threat and poorer medical coverage were related to fewer depressive symptoms. Rural-urban differences were mediated by community cohesion (B=-0.12, p<.01), foreseeable community threat (B=-0.08, p<.01) and medical benefit coverage (B=0.25, p<.01). Conclusion: This study sheds light on distinctive roles of community factors in explaining rural-urban differences in depressive symptoms. Policies or programs should be designed to promote strengths and address weaknesses in rural communities.
Research funding in Taiwan's technological and vocational universities is mainly sourced from those scientific and technological projects which were assigned by government, industries or other organizations. It plays an important role in influencing innovation activities, development of new knowledge, and advancement of new-generation technologies. As technology dynamics over time, technological and vocational universities have missions to associate with that. To achieve their missions, more funding supports from university/industry/government are demanded. By analyzing data for Taiwan technology and vocational universities, the object of this study is to investigate a series of indices such as number of patents, patent nationality, number of paper publications, category of paper publications, and their funding sources. We also examine whether and how the faculties' age, education level, academic level, and research performance affect the three types of funding sources from governments, industries, and other organizations. The results have indicated that funding sources in Taiwan's technological and vocational universities are closely referred to the number of patents and paper publications, suggesting that the faculties needs to justify their paper publication and patenting strategies accordingly. Moreover, faculties' age, and academic level have played a positive influence on obtaining funding. Policymakers and universities could consider the general distribution and tendency of the three types of research funding investment and give proper incentives to guide their faculties' research interests and achievements.
The glass ceiling problem has been a hot topic in research of female senior leadership in companies, especially in e-commerce companies. It has become a worldwide debate of which promote barriers and weakness for female managers are discussed. China has present a sharp rise this year from 25% to 51% female senior management position, however, by sampling survey in this study, we found that female senior managers still in a disadvantageous position. This study sampling investigated 200 China listed companies in e-commerce industry to explore the pattern of female senior business leadership. The results in this study reveal that 75% of sample companies held no more than 3 female senior managers, 97% of female members in board of directors. By studying patterns of female senior manager leadership, this study provides evidences of status quo of Chinese female senior managers and therefore draws attention to glass ceiling problems at the highest levels within China listed companies.