[Yuan, Chien-Chung] Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei, 24205 Taiwan;[Zhou, Wei] College of Public Administration and Law, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China;[Chang, Keng-Wei] Department of Business Administration, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan;[Wu, Ming-Fu; Chang, Ke-Chiun; Hao, Juan] School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
This study applies two variables in the measurement of company patent deployment strategies: patent family depth and earn plan ratio. Patent family depth represents the degree to which certain fields and markets are valued by the patent owner. Earn plan ratio defined as the ratio of the number of patent forward citations to patent family size. Earn plan ratio indicates the degree to which a patent family could be cited by later innovators and competitors. This study applies a logistic regression model in the analysis LED industry data. The results demonstrate that patent value has a positive relationship with the patent family depth, and earn plan ratio.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,2016年62:1083-1091 ISSN：1364-0321
[Lan, Yong] College of Business, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha;[Lan, Yong] 410128, China;[Chen, Silu] School of Economics and Business Administration, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei;[Chen, Silu] 430070, China;[Chen, Hsing Hung] School of Business, Macau University of Science and Technology, Taipa, China
[Chen, SL] Cent China Normal Univ, Sch Econ & Business Adm, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
The integration of various renewable energy technologies and intermittent changes in power supply and demand is becoming increasingly possible through the smart grid system. Innovation in technologies and systems like smart meters, energy controls, and communication systems have been required for scale-up and industrialization of smart grids, whereas Chinese firms still have much room for improvement. This has stimulated questions about the role of open innovation intermediaries(OIIs), whose responsibility is to engage with different types of partners to acquire new ideas and resources from the external environment. With the help of Oils, Chinese firms in smart grid industry can achieve greatly to renewable energy development and energy conservation. The current study addresses this issue, trying to find the suitable Oils from different open innovation activities including outside-in, inside-out, and coupled processes in the power supply, grid, and electrical customer side of the smart grid industry in China. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
JOURNAL OF RENEWABLE AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY,2016年8(1) ISSN：1941-7012
[ Lan, Yong ] College of Business, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China;[ Chen, Hsing Hung ; Liu, Cheng Kun ] School of Business, Macau University of Science and Technology, Taipa, China;[ Pang, Wenbing ] College of Economics and Management, Shanghai University of Electric Power, Shanghai, China